Functionalist concepts of the nuclear family

In other words, he saw a general trend towards the centralization of power as leading to stagnation and ultimately, pressures to decentralize. In Eastern Europehowever, the nuclear norm did not prevail.

Merton, through his critique of functional unity, introduced into functionalism an explicit analysis of tension and conflict. The debate about the nuclear family and industrialism centered around the writings of one of the leading sociologists of the post- World War II era, Talcott Parsons With the entry of the Church into marriage arrangements, different definitions of marriage emerged.

Whether social norms were accepted or not was for Parsons simply a historical question. From his analysis, he has argued that the family performs four basic functions for its individual members and society at large.

Concepts of Functionalism

One theoretical approach to explain this concept is the "gender similarity" approach, which "predicts that the convergence in men's and women's work and family demands should lead to a convergence in attitudes toward work and family responsibilities and feelings of work-family balance".

Moreover, in this African context territorial divisions were aligned with lineages; descent theory therefore synthesized both blood and soil as the same. The third issue concerns the link between the nuclear family household and industrial society.

Some sociologists now dispute the degree to which this idealized arrangement has and does reflect the true structure of families in American society. Households were expected to contain other relatives besides the nuclear unit i.

Conversely, strong labor markets when unemployment is low may improve the employment situation and financial situation of either partner, which may facilitate marriage and increase economic stability.

Crime and deviance are socially constructed — they are not natural, obvious, or theologically inspired categories. This began with enlightenment and the ideas of HobbesLockeand Rousseau. On the other hand, men who have a low socioeconomic status find fatherhood very appealing because it gives them a measure of accomplishment denied to them by the occupational world.

April Learn how and when to remove this template message There are three major research methods, each with its own strengths and weaknesses. Because of its strong emphasis on unilineal descent, this new kinship theory came to be called "descent theory".

Also, the support from the general public for gay and lesbian couples or partnerships to raising children is at its all-time high since the s. On the other hand, some scholars have argued that strong emotional bonds between family members have existed for centuries, and others have argued that the "closed domesticated nuclear family" was a middle-class ideal that came to be applied slowly and incompletely outside that class.

However, they are considered deviant discourses since they do not conform to the script of full-time motherhood in the context of marriage. Many people end marriages because they are no longer satisfied by sexual needs or merely because they have lost feelings for one another.

It is argued that they have not provided any alternatives to the family, that is, they have not considered the other institutions that can also perform the functions that are being fulfilled by the family.

· Explaining the emergence of the nuclear family – Engels According to Engels, the monogamous nuclear family only emerged with Capitalism. Before Capitalism, traditional, tribal societies were classless and they practised a form of ‘primitive communism’ in which there was no private For AQA GCE Sociology Unit 1 Chapter 1, Theories of the family Revision.

Print out as a handout, it is a good way to revise.

Nuclear Families

Application, Interpretation and Analysis tips are also  · Postmodernist- the functionalist ignore family diversity and there is little number of nuclear family in the post modern society. This result to the functionalist theory being insignificant.

Feminist- The family only benefits the men rather than the women. The ascribed roles within the family is dissertation nortel university of ottawa telfer The Functionalist View Of Family Essay julius caesar essay questions how to write an application essay 10 easy Functionalist View on Family.

Outline and evaluate the functionalist view of the role of the family in society. 33 marks - 25 minutes. A family is a kinship - people related by blood or marriage. Functionalism is a macro theory which means it looks at a wider sociological focuses on the importance of the nuclear family (mother and father married with children), the universality of the Explaining the emergence of the nuclear family – Engels.

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Functionalist concepts of the nuclear family
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